Marland, Oklahoma History


"This information was gathered from various sites throughout the Internet. The numbers behind the sentences correspond to the web page I got the information from during my research. It is a conglomeration of information that has it's resources on the corresponding webpages. Please visit those web pages as the people there have done hard work in making history more available to all of us.

Paul Reeves

At the bottom of the page are 'Places of Interest' where I have captured some of the history of the local area.

marland 001

Marland, Oklahoma, in Noble county, is about 20 miles southwest of Ponca City on State Highway 156. Situated in Noble County on State Highway 156 twelve miles due east of Interstate 35 and approximately twenty-three miles north-northeast of Perry, Marland, formerly Bliss, developed as a shipping point on the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway.

Marland 004

The town known as Bliss, named after Cornelius N. Bliss, secretary of the Interior, was located in the north part of Noble County. Bliss (now Old Bliss) is an unincorporated community near Marland in Noble County, Oklahoma. Bliss was one of the 101 Ranch towns. The post office opened November 4, 1894, but was moved to Marland April 8, 1922. [1]

Marland 002

The town has had three incarnations, the first two as Bliss. The surrounding region, primarily grassland and formerly part of the Ponca Reservation, was leased for grazing by the Miller Brothers 101 Ranch. At the Santa Fe tracks on the edge of their ranch, the Millers built stockyards and other facilities for shipping cattle. South of that location a small rural community grew up circa 1898 in Section 24 of Buffalo Township, where there came to be a lumberyard, a general store, and a few residents by 1900. Grain elevators were erected at the tracks in 1904. Ranch correspondence and advertising generally used "Bliss" or "Bliss Station" as the Miller's home base. In the early years of the century the brothers held various Wild West shows at the ranch's summer camp near Bliss Station. Visitors took the train to the depot that Santa Fe built there.[3]

Marland 003

Its name was changed to Marland in 1922 as a result of the influence of W. A. Brooks, who was mayor at that time. Brooks, a cousin of the Miller Brothers of the 101 Ranch was personally acquainted with E. W. Marland, who was going places in the oil business, conceived the idea that Marland would help foster projects in the town if it were named for him.[2] In an April 1922 election the citizens voted to rename the town Marland, to honor oilman Ernest W. Marland of nearby Ponca City, who had extensive drilling operations in the nearby Three Sands/Tonkawa Field. The Millers and the townspeople hoped that he would locate some of his oil   operations at Bliss/Marland, but the only Marland Oil Company presence that ever developed there was a loading rack where a pipeline terminated at railroad. In 1923 disappointed citizens petitioned, unsuccessfully, for a return to "Bliss," because mail bound for Marland was being misrouted to Mooreland. In 1925 the town supported two elevators, two lumberyards, two hotels, Methodist and Christian churches, and the Marland Consolidated School.[3]

Marland 005

The town of Bliss now known as Marland, in the early days was located in what was first known as the Ponca Indian Reservation. It was miles in every direction to any land that was owned by white people.[2]

In 1898, Fred Baldruff of Ponca City leased a five acre tract of land from the federal government for building purposes and that same year built a lumber yard. P.C. Viering and R.T. Ray also of Ponca City built and operated a general merchandise store arriving in Bliss at the same time as Baldruff. Until that time a box car flag station, a stock pen and scale along the Santa Fe tracks were all that made up the community of Bliss. The scales were used by Nathan and Neal Williams to weigh wheat bought and loaded by the scoop method to cars for shipment.[2]

Marland 006

In 1904 the first school was organized and held in a scale weight house with the seats nailed down for the students to sit in. Monohan, the Santa Fe section foreman was elected on the first school board. At present the school is a three district consolidated affair that was built in 1924 and there are nine teachers employed here.[2]

In 1900 Fred Baldruff opened a grocery store which he operated many years. H.L. Derry and Fred Grund of Girard, Kansas purchased the general store from Viering and Ray in 1903. [2]

Due a large part to the activities of the Miller Brothers of the 101 Ranch the town of Bliss has gone a long way from the flag station and two grain elevators stage. In 1906 the Miller brothers obtained a deed to the property one mile southeast of the original townsite. Lots were staked and the little town started on its first expansion. Anyone purchasing a lot was given a share in an oil well to be drilled north of town. It later proved to be a dry hole, but many out of state residents purchased lots to seek their riches.[2]

In 1917 the Millers purchased another tract northwest of the Santa Fe depot and again a block and tackle (ropes and pulleys) were busy moving the buildings and houses back across the original site to its present location. During 1923-1924 the population was near the 1,000 mark and hotels and rooming houses were full. But again the economic conditions have been tough and the last census gave the total population as 280, a drop largely due to the decline of the ranch, for which this was the headquarters town.[2]

Points of Interest:

101 Ranch Road Sign.png

The 101 Ranch is on State Highway 156 between US60 and Marland Oklahoma. The ranch was owned by the Miller Brothers who were the owners and founders of the 101 Ranch Wild West Show in the early part of the century.

Monumenthill 001

Monument Hill is just south of Marland Oklahoma on the east side of State highway 156 in Noble County. The monument was put up in commemoration to Chief White Eagle of the Ponca Indian Tribe, but there are several graves at the site. This is a little known marker that is part of the history of the area.

Cowboyhill 001

Cowboy Hill is just to the south of the Salt Fork River as you pass the old 101 Ranch area. You need to   look for a road that goes to the east as soon as you cross the Salt Fork River bridge, and go up a hill, and you will see a small cemetary there.

© Lord Gazmuth 2012